Get aware of bioterrorism 

We all know the level of destruction caused by the atomic bombs and chemical weapons. The idea for holding the command on whole planet among the existing super powers and and arsing one has gone to another level. The bionic army is key interest of weapon industry and defence intelligence institutions.

People are raising questions that why the hazardous viruses, bacteria are kept in safe labourtries? 

Some of them believe that these deadly means or mass destruction are kept in order to weak the enemy.

Is Cancer a conspiracy??? 

Social media has become an integral components of human life.  One has been addicted to social media due to the interest and updates happening around the domestic and global markets.  But nowadays many irrelevant and fake news are being circulated in social media. One of it was about Cancer.

Many concipiracy theoriests has allegedly write and speaks that Cancer is not actual disease but it is the cruel tactic of pharmaceutical companies to gain revenue.

A brief introduction to Immunology

OK we all have been vaccinated during our childhood. Why are we vaccinated, what’s the basic procedures and principles that urges us to get vaccinated?

Mostly vaccines are the weakened or dead microbes that are introduced into mammalian specifically human body that creates antibodies specific to that germ. When the actual germ invade the host the already borned antibodies causes the germ to destroy.

 Basic purpose of Vaccination:-

Vaccination is done to introduce immunity against specific pathogen. 

Define Immunity:-

Immunity is the process of relieving an organism from pathogen by the aid of self-resistance and protection against infections organism.

Immunity is broad term. It is series of responses that body shows in case a pathogen invades. Nature has blessed humans with several defence mechanisms.

Expression Vectors A brief introduction 


Expression vectors are the types of vectors that are used to insert gene into host cell that expresses protein (most of the times)  or mRNA transcript.

In case it we are talking about inserting insulin gene into bacterial cell we need expression vectors so that our gene efficiently transferred and then expressed into bacterial cell. 

For expression of our protein into the bacterial cell the gene utilizes hosts transcriptional and translational machinery.